Science Studies Weekly - Exploration (Grade 4)

Scope and Sequence

Investigating Science

Week 1 - Investigating Science

Introduces the nature of science, the scientific process and the habits required to solve problems.

  • Investigating Science
  • Welcome to Another Year of Discovery!
  • How Do We Know What We Know in Science?
  • Reading a Thermometer
  • Anders Celsius (1701-1744)
  • What Are the Steps in a Science Investigation?
  • Properties of Matter

    Week 2 - Properties of Matter

    Explores the concept that all matter has properties that can be seen and measured; discusses some of the specific properties of matter.

  • Properties of Matter
  • Dr. Patricia Bath: Keeping an Eye on It
  • Observing Matter
  • Archimedes (287 B.C.-212 B.C.)
  • Who Invented the Popsicle?
  • Microscopes
  • Ad-VENN-tures in Matter
  • Changes in Matter

    Week 3 - Changes in Matter

    Discusses how matter can be changed from one state to another and how it can be combined physically or chemically.

  • Matter Changes
  • Philanthropy and Values
  • Energy and Change
  • Mystery Matter
  • Joseph Priestly
  • Nylon is Invented
  • What Effect Does Salt Have on Freezing Point?
  • A Microscopic World

    Week 4 - A Microscopic World

    Introduces the world of atoms, elements, particles and tools for magnification and observation.

  • A Microscopic World
  • Who Invented the World Wide Web?
  • Magnificent Magnifiers
  • Anton von Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723)
  • Microscopes
  • Take a Closer Look
  • Energy

    Week 5 - Energy

    Explores the various forms of energy, the flow of energy in a system and the ways energy can be changed from one form to another.

  • All About Energy
  • Floating Stop Signs?
  • Measuring Temperature and Energy Transfer
  • Albert Einstein (1879-1955)
  • How Are Fossil Fuels Formed?
  • Heat Energy Transfer
  • Types of Energy
  • Light and Sound

    Week 6 - Light and Sound

    Discusses the properties of light (e.g., speed,reflection, refraction) and sound (e.g.,vibration, pitch, volume).

  • Light and Sound
  • The Viral Numbers of YouTube
  • Light and Sound: Waves in our World
  • Thomas Edison (1847-1931)
  • Is There Sound in Outer Space?
  • Energy Ad-VENN-tures
  • Magnets and Electricity

    Week 7 - Magnets and Electricity

    Introduces the relationship of electric charges, magnetic forces and electric currents.

  • Magnets and Electricity
  • What's That You're e-Reading!
  • Magnet Power
  • Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)
  • What Are the Northern Lights?
  • Lodestones
  • Move It!

    Week 8 - Move It!

    Discusses motion, speed and direction, explores ways that motion can be predicted, measured and described.

  • Move It!
  • Computers as Close as the Clothes You Wear
  • A World in Motion
  • Robert Goddard (1882-1945)
  • Speeding Up
  • How Fast Do Waves Travel?
  • Giant Tractors
  • Force Factor

    Week 9 - Force Factor

    Explores different types of forces and how they affect objects; examines ways that forces can be predicted, measured and described.

  • Force Factor
  • Are you "Feeling the Pull?"
  • Force, Matter, and Motion
  • Sir Isaac Newton
  • What Does Gravity Do?
  • Simple Machines
  • Shaping the Earth

    Week 10 - Shaping the Earth

    Discusses the processes that shape the earth; explores the constant change brought about by waves, weather and shifting landmasses.

  • Shaping the Earth
  • Use a Cow for a Compass?
  • Our Changing Earth
  • Alfred Wegener (1880-1930)
  • What Is a Geologist?
  • Erosion by Humans
  • Pangaea and Continental Drift
  • Oceans and Waterways

    Week 11 - Oceans and Waterways

    Examines the characteristics of various bodies of water and explores the various forms of life that exist in Earth’s oceans, rivers and streams.

  • Oceans and Waterways
  • Bottom of the Ocean, Top of the Sanctuary Charts!
  • Water, Water, Everywhere!
  • Matthew Maury (1806-1873)
  • Why Is the Ocean Salty?
  • The Science of Shipping
  • Mysteries of the Ocean
  • Soil

    Week 12 - Soil

    Introduces the properties of different types of soil, the organisms that affect soil and how the quality of soil affects growing plants.

  • Soil
  • How Much Food? Do the Math!
  • What’s In Soil?
  • George Washington Carver (c.1864-1943)
  • Do Plants Need Soil to Grow?
  • Crop Rotation
  • Soil Conservation
  • Weather and Climate

    Week 13 - Weather and Climate

    Explores weather patterns, seasons and meteorology; examines ways weather is predicted, observed and recorded.

  • Weather and Climate
  • Music: Not Just for People!
  • Weather and Climate
  • Aristotle’s Meteorologica
  • Can Severe Weather be Forecasted Accurately?
  • Tornadoes
  • Lightning Rods
  • Natural Disasters

    Week 14 - Natural Disasters

    Discusses various types of natural disasters (e.g., floods, earthquakes, hurricanes, etc.) and their effect on living things and their environments.

  • Many Different Disasters
  • Today's Technology: Helping Provide Relief from Natural Disasters
  • Natural Disasters
  • Herbert Saffir and Robert Simpson
  • How Do Scientists Measure Earthquakes?
  • Seismograph
  • Stronger Buildings
  • To Protect and Conserve

    Week 15 - To Protect and Conserve

    Examines ways natural resources improve the quality of life; discusses the importance of protecting and conserving natural resources.

  • To Protect and Conserve
  • Enjoy Your Party, but Celebrate Green
  • Earth’s Resources
  • Rachel Carson (1907-1964)
  • Where does the word ‘conservation’ come from?
  • Science and Industry: A Tug -of-War
  • Terracing
  • Stars, Moons and Planets

    Week 16 - Stars, Moons and Planets

    Discusses the characteristics of celestial bodies and the organization of stars, moons and planets in our solar system.

  • Stars, Moons and Planets
  • Dr. J. Craig Venter
  • Our Solar System
  • Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)
  • What is a binary star system?
  • Star Search
  • Telescopes
  • Earth's Place in the Universe

    Week 17 - Earth's Place in the Universe

    Explores the relationship of Earth to the sun, moon and other planets; introduces ways solar energy can be used on Earth.

  • Earth’s Place in the Universe
  • Retiring the Space Shuttle Atlantis
  • Earth's Place in the Universe
  • Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543)
  • Is There Life on Other Planets?
  • Thanks, Neighbor!
  • Finding Our Way
  • Parallax Effect
  • Science and Technology

    Week 18 - Science and Technology

    Explores the relationship of science and technology in modern society; discusses responsibilities of scientists and researchers.

  • Science and Technology
  • Fighting Identity Theft and Protecting Privacy
  • Science and Technology
  • Steve Jobs (1955-2011)
  • What are the smallest technological devices?
  • Technology and Business
  • Typewriters and Computers
  • NED - No Electricity Day
  • Cells and Organisms

    Week 19 - Cells and Organisms

    Examines the structure and function of living things; looks at the similarities and differences among various types of organisms.

  • Attack of the Organisms
  • Donating Organs
  • What Does it Take to Make an Organism? Parts, Parts, and More Parts!
  • Anton van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723)
  • What's the world's biggest single cell?
  • Microorganisms
  • Magnification
  • The Skin You're In
  • Heredity and Diversity

    Week 20 - Heredity and Diversity

    Discusses inherited traits in various living things and the importance of genetic diversity to the survival and well-being of organisms.

  • Heredity and Diversity
  • Genetics and Heredity - Caveman Cousins
  • The Prince's Dilemma Unfolds...
  • Watson and Crick
  • What exactly is DNA?
  • The Prince's Dilemma Ends...
  • Using Your Senses
  • Ecosystems

    Week 21 - Ecosystems

    Explores the ways living things interact with their environment and with each other; discusses how different environments sustain different organisms.

  • Street Corner Ecosystem
  • Curiosity Solves a Mystery!
  • Ecosystems - Action and Interaction
  • Mario Molina
  • What’s the difference between an ecosystem and a biome?
  • Change Affects Everyone
  • Taking Care of Ecosystems
  • Competition and Adaptation

    Week 22 - Competition and Adaptation

    Focuses on birds and discusses the importance of adaptation—how it allows birds to compete in their environments and, ultimately, to survive as a species.

  • Wings, Beaks, Legs, Tails, and Feet
  • Alex the Talking Parrot
  • Wings, Beaks, Legs, Tails and Feet
  • Charles Darwin
  • How do birds know how to get back home after flying south?
  • Earth's Plants

    Week 23 - Earth's Plants

    Explores the process by which plants grow,thrive and reproduce; discusses the importance of plants to people and animals.

  • Plants All Around
  • Sir Ian Wilmut and Dolly the Sheep
  • Plants of the World
  • Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778)
  • Besides food, what other household products come from plants?
  • Plants - It's Tough to Breathe Without 'Em!
  • Get Organized
  • Earth's Animals

    Week 24 - Earth's Animals

    Discusses characteristics and behavior of various land animals; examines various habitats that sustain animal life.

  • Earth's Wild Wonders
  • One Smart Puppy
  • Traits of Different Animals
  • Jane Goodall (1934-Present)
  • What makes an animal a good pet?
  • And Now for the Slimy, Crawly Stuff
  • How did animals get to be the way they are? Here’s the story!
  • Endangered and Extinct Species

    Week 25 - Endangered and Extinct Species

    Examines various species of extinct and endangered animals; distinguishes among extinct, endangered and threatened.

  • Disappearing Species
  • Dinosaur Tracker: Robert T. Bakker
  • Where Are They Going?
  • John Muir (1838-1914)
  • What are nations doing to help protect endangered species?
  • A Scale for All Creatures
  • Herds of Bison
  • Our Body's Systems

    Week 26 - Our Body's Systems

    Introduces the major organ systems of the human body and their functions.

  • Systems That Keep You Running
  • Pick Up That Pencil? No Problem!
  • It's All About Systems
  • Gertrude B. Elion (1918-1999)
  • Are the body's systems completely separate from each other?
  • Muscles - the Real Movers
  • Blood Samples
  • Keeping Fit and Healthy

    Week 27 - Keeping Fit and Healthy

    Discusses the importance of staying fit and healthy; explores ways people can achieve and maintain good health.

  • Staying Healthy and Fit
  • Save Money - Be Healthy!
  • I’m Ready To Get Fit - So How Do I Do It?
  • Dr. Kenneth Cooper (born 1931)
  • Is physical fitness the only kind of fitness a healthy person needs to think about?
  • A Healthy Diet
  • This Isn't Your Grandfather’s Exercise
  • Science and Medicine

    Week 28 - Science and Medicine

    Explores the science of medicine; discusses advances in the medical field in the past, present and future.

  • The Magic of Medicine
  • Good ol' Honey as a Modern Medicine
  • What’s on the Medicine Shelf?
  • Louis Pasteur (1822-1895)
  • What is a drug?
  • Lullaby and Good Night
  • Living Longer