Science Studies Weekly - Challenger (Grade 5)

Scope and Sequence

EARTH-SPACE SCIENCE

Week 1 - Earth Space Science - Structure of the Earth

Students will be introduced to the structure of the earth and plate tectonics. They will identify features of each layer of the Earth. They will consider how plate tectonics have shaped the continents into Earth as we know it today.

  • Structure of the Earth
  • Music: Not Just for People!
  • Plate Tectonics
  • Measuring Earthquakes
  • The Power of Boron: ‘The Hunter Chronicles’ by E. J. Patten
  • How do we know the Earth’s structure?
  • Alfred Wegener (1880-1930)
  • Let's Investigate
  • Applying Knowledge
  • Proof is in the Pudding
  • Week 3 - Earth Space Science - All About Soil

    Students will study soil horizons, soil content, and erosion. They will learn about the effects of pollution on soil quality. Students will also learn how humans have shaped landscapes to help preserve soil.

  • What’s in Dirt?
  • All About Soil
  • Making Compost
  • ‘There’s a Hair in my Dirt! A Worm’s Story’ by Gary Larson
  • Do earthworms make soil?
  • James Hutton (1726-1797)
  • Terracing
  • Wind Blown
  • Let's Investigate
  • Classifying Erosion
  • Week 4 - Earth Space Science - The Mighty Ocean

    Students will consider how oceans provide air, food, water, and other resources for life on earth. They will learn about the features and boundaries of the ocean. They will learn about the continental shelf and the abyssal plains.

  • Our Living Oceans
  • Bottom of the Ocean, Top of the Sanctuary Charts!
  • The Mighty Ocean
  • Robots Under the Sea
  • ‘Out of the Deep’ by Gloria Skurzynski and Alane Ferguson
  • What is desalination?
  • Jacques Cousteau (1910-1997)
  • Let's Investigate
  • Birds of a Feather
  • Be a Marine Biologist
  • Week 5 - Earth Space Science - Finding Solutions

    Students will explore protection and conservation of natural resources and will compare renewable and nonrenewable energy sources. Students will consider ways in which scientists work together in conducting research and gathering data to ensure the protection of the environment. Students will also consider Earth Day as a way to remember the value of protecting the Earth.

  • Save Our Planet! 5.P.2
  • Students Get Serious about Solar-Powered Cars
  • Finding Solutions 5.P.2
  • Conserving Natural Resources
  • Models
  • What is ozone?
  • Ellen Swallow Richards
  • Let's Investigate
  • The Greenhouse Effect 5.P.2
  • Ecosystem in a Bottle
  • Week 6 - Earth Space Science - The Water Cycle

    Students will study the water cycle and weather. They will define processes such as evaporation, condensation and transpiration. Students will consider how water molecules interact with air molecules to make wind. They will learn how water is transported throughout Earth via features such as aquifers and artesian wells.

  • Water All Around You
  • The Water Cycle 5.P.2.1 , 5.E.1.3
  • Getting Water From the Ground Into Your Glass
  • ‘The Waterhole’ by Graeme Base
  • How do meteorologists predict the temperature?
  • Lewis Fry Richardson (1881-1953)
  • Tracking the Weather 5.E.1.1 , 5.E.1.2 , 5.E.1.3
  • Your Own Water Cycle 5.P.2.1
  • Water Cycle Activity 5.P.2.1
  • Week 7 - Earth Space Science - Watching the Sky

    Students will look at the four seasons and the relationship between the sun, the moon and Earth. They will also study the phases on the moon.

  • Watching the Sky!
  • Space Junk: High-Speed Litter in Orbit
  • Watching the Sky
  • Foucault’s Pendulum
  • ‘A Child’s Introduction to the Night Sky’ by Michael Driscoll
  • What are tides?
  • Johannes Kepler (1571–1630)
  • Where’d It Go?
  • Keeping Warm
  • Let's Investigate
  • Week 8 - Earth Space Science - Exploring Our Solar System

    Students will be given an overview of the solar system, including recent astronomical discoveries. Students will study the characteristics of various features of our solar system, such as comets, meteors, asteroids and orbits. They will also define the features of each of the eight planets and the dwarf planet, Pluto.

  • Explore Our Vast Solar System
  • Hubble: A Look Back in Time
  • Our Solar System
  • Telescopes
  • ‘13 Planets: The Latest View of the Solar System’ by David A. Aguilar
  • What are satellites and space probes?
  • Galileo Galilei (1564–1642)
  • Make a Working Model of the Solar System
  • Label the Objects
  • Week 9 - Earth Space Science - The Universe

    Students will explore galaxies, constellations, stars, nebulae, and black holes. They will learn that the temperature of stars affects their size, shape and color. Students will also consider how various stars and galaxies look to us from Earth. They will define magnitude in respect to stars.

  • The Universe
  • Space Taxi: Regular Folks in Outer Space
  • All About Stars
  • Edwin Hubble
  • What is a black hole?
  • Making New Matter on Earth to Figure Out the Universe
  • ‘SPHDZ’ (Spaceheadz) series by John Scieszka
  • In the Lab
  • Rocket Reaction
  • Let's Investigate
  • Matching
  • LIFE SCIENCE

    Week 1 - Life Science - Life Science

    Students will examine diversity of life and taxonomy. They will define taxonomy and learn how it is used to group aspects of biology. Students will be introduced to the eight kingdoms of life.

  • Welcome, Life Scientists! 5.L.2
  • Curiosity Solves a Mystery!
  • Diversity of Life 5.L.2
  • Biotechnology
  • ‘Biology: Life as We Know It!’ by Dan Green and Simon Basher
  • What is symbiosis?
  • Carl Linnaeus 1707-1778
  • Practice being a life scientist! 5.L.2
  • Week 2 - Life Science - Cells and Microbes

    Students will explore the world of microscopic organisms. They will define cells and microbes. Students will compare the features of plant and animal cells. Students will also learn about Anton van Leeuwenhoek as the father of microbiology.

  • Worlds Under Your Nose 5.L.1
  • Dr. J. Craig Venter
  • Cells and Microbes 5.L.1 , 5.L.1.1
  • Fermentation
  • ‘Micro Mania: A Really Close-Up Look at Bacteria, Bedbugs, & the Zillions of Other Gross Little Creatures That Live In, On & All Around You!’ by Jordan D. Brown
  • What is a virus?
  • Louis Pasteur 1822-1895
  • Transpiration Experiment 5.L.1
  • Using a Microscope 5.L.1
  • Let's Investigate
  • Week 3 - Life Science - Heredity and Environment

    Students will be introduced to inherited traits, environmental adaptation, and survival. They will define genetics and learn how it is used to study the transfer of traits. Students will consider the role of learning and environment in affecting traits as well.

  • It Runs in the Family! 5.L.3 , 5.L.3.1
  • Sleepy Habits for a Bright Future
  • Heredity and Environment 5.L.3 , 5.L.3.1 , 5.L.3.2
  • Cloning Dolly 5.L.3
  • ‘Flush’ by Carl Hiaasen
  • What are hybrids?
  • Gregor Mendel (1822-1884)
  • Learning From Our Pedigree 5.L.3 , 5.L.3.2
  • My Prediction is ... 5.L.3
  • Let's Investigate
  • Week 4 - Life Science - Plant Kingdom

    Students will study plant diversity, photosynthesis, and pollination. They will consider the value of plants in supporting human life. Students will study the photosynthesis cycle. They will study plant systems and pollination.

  • The Plant Kingdom
  • The Amazing Plant Kingdom
  • Hydroponics
  • ‘Edible Schoolyard: A Universal Idea’ by Alice Waters
  • Why is the coconut palm called the tree of life?
  • Luther Burbank (1849-1926)
  • How Much Food?
  • It's a Jungle Out There!
  • Xylem in Action
  • Let's Investigate
  • Week 6 - Life Science - Animal Behavior

    Students will learn about some of the amazing capabilities of animals. They will learn about the behaviors of a variety of animals. They will study characteristics such as how animals raise young, find food, and avoid predators, among others.

  • Animal Behavior 5.L.1
  • Smart Pups
  • Amazing Animals 5.L.1
  • Follow That Animal! 5.L.1
  • ‘Return to Exile’ by E.J. Patten
  • How do birds know how to get back home after flying south?
  • Konrad Lorenz 1903-1989
  • Everybody Eats 5.L.1
  • Ant Observations 5.L.1
  • Let's Investigate
  • Week 7 - Life Science - Prehistoric Life

    Students will be introduced to scientific time periods. They will discuss dinosaurs and early mammals. Students will consider the reasons dinosaurs may have gone extinct.

  • Discovering Dinosaurs
  • Dinosaur Tracker: Robert T. Bakker
  • Prehistoric Life
  • How old is it?
  • ‘Feathered Dinosaurs’ by Christopher Sloan
  • What is a fossil?
  • John William (Sir William) Dawson
  • Be a Scientific Detective!
  • Leaf Impressions
  • Week 8 - Life Science - Systems of Life

    Students will explore ecosystems, food chains, and Earth’s fragile environments. They will learn how animals thrive in certain environments while others do not. Students will also consider the interdependency of animals.

  • Ecosystems and Biomes 5.L.2 , 5.L.2.1 , 5.L.2.2 , 5.L.2.3
  • Ecosystems 5.L.2 , 5.L.2.1 , 5.L.2.2 , 5.L.2.3
  • Studying the Forests From Space 5.L.2 , 5.L.2.1
  • ‘EcoMazes: 12 Earth Adventures’ by Roxie Sloan
  • Why is ecology important?
  • Rachel Carson (1907-1964)
  • Experiment with the Food Web 5.L.2
  • Carbon Dioxide in an Atmosphere
  • Let's Investigate 5.L.2 , 5.L.2.1 , 5.L.2.2 , 5.L.2.3
  • Week 10 - Life Science - The Amazing Brain

    Students will take a fascinating look at our brains, our senses and the way people learn. They will study the four parts of the cerebral cortex and will learn the functions of each. Students will also compare the brains of various animals.

  • The Magnificent Mind
  • Music and the Brain
  • The Amazing Brain
  • Legos and Brains
  • ‘Mudshark’ by Gary Paulsen
  • How much of our brains do we use?
  • Dr. Alois Alzheimer (1864–1915)
  • How Smell Affects Taste
  • The Amazing Brain!
  • Let's Investigate
  • PHYSICAL SCIENCE

    Week 1 - Physical Science - Welcome, Scientists

    Students will be introduced to the nature of science, its various fields, and methods of inquiring about the universe. They will define the scientific method and learn how it is applied to scientific inquiries.

  • Welcome, Scientists
  • Welcome to Another Year of Discovery!
  • Introduction to Science
  • So Many Questions
  • Introducing Book Science
  • What does it mean to be objective?
  • Sir Isaac Newton 1643-1727
  • Let's Investigate
  • Making a Classroom Garden
  • Plant Experiment
  • Match 'n' Learn
  • Fly Catchers
  • Week 2 - Physical Science - All About Matter

    Students will examine structure, properties, and changes in matter. They will use images to identify the three main parts of an atom and to learn about chemical bonding. Students will define terms associated with matter, such as elements, molecules, mass, volume and density.

  • All About Matter 5.P.2
  • Dr. Patricia Bath
  • Understanding Matter 5.P.2 , 5.P.2.3
  • High-Tech Ink! 5.P.2
  • Transfiguration: ‘Harry Potter’ series by J. K. Rowling 5.P.2
  • How do scientists know atoms exist if atoms are so small?
  • Marie Curie 1867-1934 5.P.2
  • Let's Investigate
  • Matter 5.P.2 , 5.P.2.3
  • Chemical Density 5.P.2 , 5.P.2.2
  • Week 3 - Physical Science - Liquids, Solids and Gases

    Students will be introduced to liquids, solids and gases and will study the molecule structures of each. Students will identify items that have all three types of matter as well as examples of each type.

  • Solids, Liquids and Gases 5.P.2
  • Philanthropy and Values
  • Solids, Liquids and Gases 5.P.2 , 5.P.2.3
  • The Power of Changing States 5.P.2
  • There’s No Place Like Somewhere Else!
  • How do hot air balloons work?
  • George Washington Carver c.1864-1943
  • Let's Investigate 5.P.2 , 5.P.2.3
  • Solids/Liquids/Gases 5.P.2 , 5.P.2.3
  • Cooling Molecules 5.P.2 , 5.P.2.3
  • Week 5 - Physical Science - Light and Sound

    Students will explore the wonders of sound and light. They will consider the importance of the sun in sustaining Earth’s existence. Students will define characteristics of light and sound, such as the electromagnetic spectrum, refraction and decibels.

  • Light and Sound 5.P.2
  • The Viral Numbers of YouTube™
  • Light and Sound 5.P.2
  • The Sound of Silence! 5.P.2
  • Seeing in Darkness: ‘Fablehaven’ by Brandon Mull
  • Why do we see color?
  • Alexander Graham Bell 1847-1922
  • Let's Investigate
  • Light and Sound
  • Comparing Speed: Light vs. Sound 5.P.2
  • Bend Light 5.P.2
  • Week 6 - Physical Science - Electricity and Magnetism

    Students will be introduced to basic concepts of electricity and magnetism. They will consider electricity’s origin and electrical flow. They will also learn about how electricity is manipulated through fuses, breakers, conductors and insulators. They will learn how closely related electricity and magnetism are.

  • Electricity and Magnetism 5.P.2
  • Who Invented the World Wide Web?
  • Electricity and Magnetism 5.P.2
  • Superconductors 5.P.2
  • Magnetic Fields: ’X-Men’ comic books by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby
  • How is electricity produced?
  • Count Alessandro Volta (1745-1827)
  • Respecting Electricity 5.P.2
  • Let's Investigate
  • Electricity 5.P.2
  • Let's Make an Electric Circuit 5.P.2
  • Week 8 - Physical Science - Technology Past and Present

    Students will compare the simple machines of the past with modern technology. They will consider how information technology evolved into modern computers. Students will also learn about the components of the internal-combustion engine.

  • Technology of the Past and Present
  • Floating Stop Signs?
  • Technology Past and Present
  • Edison’s First Dud
  • Computer Bugs: ‘Zuto: The Adventures of a Computer Virus’ by Udi Aharoni
  • What does it take to make an invention?
  • Albert Einstein 1879-1955
  • Let's Investigate
  • Check it Out!
  • Stronger Than Eight Other Kids!
  • Week 9 - Physical Science - Technology in Society

    Students will discuss major technologies in today’s society as well as societies of the past. They will consider advancements in communication, transportation and production. Students will also consider how advancements in medicine have changed our lifestyles.

  • Our Technological World
  • What’s That You’re e-Reading?
  • Technology in Society
  • Traditions vs. Technology?
  • ‘Robotics: Discover the Science and Technology of the Future’ by Kathy Ceceri
  • What technology has helped society the most?
  • Thomas Edison 1847-1931 5.P.2
  • Let's Make a Light Bulb 5.P.2
  • Who Invented That?
  • Correlations Correlations

    Weekly Curriculum Map / Standards Correlation

    Science Studies Weekly - Challenger (Grade 5)

    North Carolina Fifth Grade Science
    Standards Coverage

    View Article Level Standards

    Week 1: Physical Science - Welcome, Scientists
    Students will be introduced to the nature of science, its various fields, and methods of inquiring about the universe. They will define the scientific method and learn how it is applied to scientific inquiries.

    Week 2: Physical Science - All About Matter
    Students will examine structure, properties, and changes in matter. They will use images to identify the three main parts of an atom and to learn about chemical bonding. Students will define terms associated with matter, such as elements, molecules, mass, volume and density. 5.P.2, 5.P.2.2, 5.P.2.3

    Week 3: Physical Science - Liquids, Solids and Gases
    Students will be introduced to liquids, solids and gases and will study the molecule structures of each. Students will identify items that have all three types of matter as well as examples of each type. 5.P.2, 5.P.2.3

    Week 4: Physical Science - Heat
    Students will study the foundation for understanding heat transfer, temperature, expansion and contraction. They will identify the difference between heat and temperature. They will also learn about radiation and convection. 5.P.3, 5.P.3.1, 5.P.3.2

    Week 5: Physical Science - Light and Sound
    Students will explore the wonders of sound and light. They will consider the importance of the sun in sustaining Earth’s existence. Students will define characteristics of light and sound, such as the electromagnetic spectrum, refraction and decibels. 5.P.2

    Week 6: Physical Science - Electricity and Magnetism
    Students will be introduced to basic concepts of electricity and magnetism. They will consider electricity’s origin and electrical flow. They will also learn about how electricity is manipulated through fuses, breakers, conductors and insulators. They will learn how closely related electricity and magnetism are. 5.P.2

    Week 7: Physical Science - Motion
    Students will study the principles of motion and force. They will carefully study Newton’s Laws, the three statements that summarize motion energy. Students will also define potential energy, motion and kinetic energy. 5.P.1, 5.P.1.1, 5.P.1.2, 5.P.1.4

    Week 8: Physical Science - Technology Past and Present
    Students will compare the simple machines of the past with modern technology. They will consider how information technology evolved into modern computers. Students will also learn about the components of the internal-combustion engine.

    Week 9: Physical Science - Technology in Society
    Students will discuss major technologies in today’s society as well as societies of the past. They will consider advancements in communication, transportation and production. Students will also consider how advancements in medicine have changed our lifestyles. 5.P.2

    Week 10: Earth Space Science - Structure of the Earth
    Students will be introduced to the structure of the earth and plate tectonics. They will identify features of each layer of the Earth. They will consider how plate tectonics have shaped the continents into Earth as we know it today.

    Week 11: Earth Space Science - Shaping the Earth
    Students will examine the rock cycle, volcanoes, earthquakes, and glaciers. They will learn how igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks are formed.

    Week 12: Earth Space Science - All About Soil
    Students will study soil horizons, soil content, and erosion. They will learn about the effects of pollution on soil quality. Students will also learn how humans have shaped landscapes to help preserve soil.

    Week 13: Earth Space Science - The Mighty Ocean
    Students will consider how oceans provide air, food, water, and other resources for life on earth. They will learn about the features and boundaries of the ocean. They will learn about the continental shelf and the abyssal plains.

    Week 14: Earth Space Science - Finding Solutions
    Students will explore protection and conservation of natural resources and will compare renewable and nonrenewable energy sources. Students will consider ways in which scientists work together in conducting research and gathering data to ensure the protection of the environment. Students will also consider Earth Day as a way to remember the value of protecting the Earth. 5.P.2

    Week 15: Earth Space Science - The Water Cycle
    Students will study the water cycle and weather. They will define processes such as evaporation, condensation and transpiration. Students will consider how water molecules interact with air molecules to make wind. They will learn how water is transported throughout Earth via features such as aquifers and artesian wells. 5.E.1, 5.E.1.1, 5.E.1.2, 5.E.1.3, 5.P.2.1

    Week 16: Earth Space Science - Watching the Sky
    Students will look at the four seasons and the relationship between the sun, the moon and Earth. They will also study the phases on the moon.

    Week 17: Earth Space Science - Exploring Our Solar System
    Students will be given an overview of the solar system, including recent astronomical discoveries. Students will study the characteristics of various features of our solar system, such as comets, meteors, asteroids and orbits. They will also define the features of each of the eight planets and the dwarf planet, Pluto.

    Week 18: Earth Space Science - The Universe
    Students will explore galaxies, constellations, stars, nebulae, and black holes. They will learn that the temperature of stars affects their size, shape and color. Students will also consider how various stars and galaxies look to us from Earth. They will define magnitude in respect to stars.

    Week 19: Life Science - Life Science
    Students will examine diversity of life and taxonomy. They will define taxonomy and learn how it is used to group aspects of biology. Students will be introduced to the eight kingdoms of life. 5.L.2

    Week 20: Life Science - Cells and Microbes
    Students will explore the world of microscopic organisms. They will define cells and microbes. Students will compare the features of plant and animal cells. Students will also learn about Anton van Leeuwenhoek as the father of microbiology. 5.L.1, 5.L.1.1

    Week 21: Life Science - Heredity and Environment
    Students will be introduced to inherited traits, environmental adaptation, and survival. They will define genetics and learn how it is used to study the transfer of traits. Students will consider the role of learning and environment in affecting traits as well. 5.L.3, 5.L.3.1, 5.L.3.2

    Week 22: Life Science - Plant Kingdom
    Students will study plant diversity, photosynthesis, and pollination. They will consider the value of plants in supporting human life. Students will study the photosynthesis cycle. They will study plant systems and pollination.

    Week 23: Life Science - The Animal Kingdom
    Students will be introduced to basic animal taxonomy, diversity, and endangered species. They will study the characteristics of each animal group. 5.L.1

    Week 24: Life Science - Animal Behavior
    Students will learn about some of the amazing capabilities of animals. They will learn about the behaviors of a variety of animals. They will study characteristics such as how animals raise young, find food, and avoid predators, among others. 5.L.1

    Week 25: Life Science - Prehistoric Life
    Students will be introduced to scientific time periods. They will discuss dinosaurs and early mammals. Students will consider the reasons dinosaurs may have gone extinct.

    Week 26: Life Science - Systems of Life
    Students will explore ecosystems, food chains, and Earth’s fragile environments. They will learn how animals thrive in certain environments while others do not. Students will also consider the interdependency of animals. 5.L.2, 5.L.2.1, 5.L.2.2, 5.L.2.3

    Week 27: Life Science - Being Human
    Students will study the human organism. They will learn about body systems and their functions. Students will also learn about basic human anatomy. 5.L.1, 5.L.1.2

    Week 28: Life Science - The Amazing Brain
    Students will take a fascinating look at our brains, our senses and the way people learn. They will study the four parts of the cerebral cortex and will learn the functions of each. Students will also compare the brains of various animals.